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What is Sugar?

Sugar is a carbohydrate. Carbohydrates are the most important fuel for our brains and provide our bodies with the energy our organs need to function.

Sugars are present in nature; plants make sugars through photosynthesis. The sugar (sucrose) you find in your sugar bowl is simply water-extracted from beet or cane by sugar producers. Sucrose found in a fruit and sucrose used to bake a cake are identical. All have the same calorific values (4 kcal/ 17 kJ of energy per gram). The body does not distinguish between sugars used in manufactured food and drinks or in the home, and those found naturally in foods.

To function properly our body needs

  • Carbohydrate
  • Carbohydrate
  • Carbohydrate
  • Carbohydrate
  • Carbohydrate
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9 Facts About Sugars

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What are the different types of sugars and where are they found?

There are many different types of sugars. They all provide 4 kcal/17 kJ per gram. The sugars most commonly present in foods include: sucrose, glucose, fructose, maltose and lactose. All of these sugars occur naturally.
Sucrose is simply table sugar.
Glucose, fructose and sucrose are found in honey, and fruit and vegetables (see table below).
Maltose is a sugar produced by starch breakdown and is found in germinating cereals such as barley
Lactose is found in milk and milk products
Examples of sources of sugars in various fruits, vegetable and honey